A real estate surveying term used with the rectangular survey system, sections refer to the one (1) square mile (640-acre) divisions of property within a township. Each township contains 36 sections, with section #16 reserved for school usage. Sections are normally used in conjunction with base lines, range lines, principal meridians, township lines and townships. With most survey descriptions, parcels are typically described as fractions within a section. The 36 sections of each township are numbered with #1 beginning at the northeast corner, proceeding westward to #6 at the northwest section; however, section #7 is immediately south of #6 and the numbering continues eastward with #12 immediately below #1. Section #31 is at the southwest corner, and section #36 is at the southeast corner. For more information, see the "Surveys and Legal Description" article in the "Real Estate In-Depth" section.
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