Improvements to the Site

These improvements refer to the house and other structures built on the property. Land is considered as an empty lot. Structures, utilities and pavements added to this lot are considered improvements to the land.

  • General descriptions. This portion provides information about the building and other improvements to the subject property lot.
  • Exterior descriptions. The appraiser must indicate the material type and condition of at least the following six exterior elements of the structure: (1) foundation, (2) exterior walls, (3) roof surface, (4) gutters and down spouts, (5) window type, and (6) storm sashes.
  • Description of the foundation. The condition of the basement and cellar areas add and detract from the total value of the property. The appraiser must describe the following items as applicable: (1) slab, (2) crawl space, (3) sump pump, (4) dampness, (5) settling of the foundation, (6) infestation, and (7) the overall condition and finish of the basement.
  • Insulation. The appraiser must indicate the existence of any insulation in the roof, ceiling, walls, and floor as well as the insulation's R-rating, if known.
  • Surfaces. The type and condition of the property's interior surfaces are one of the first things that any buyer will consider. The appraiser must describe and evaluate the type and condition of the (1) floors, (2) walls, (3) trim and finish, (4) bath floor, (5) bath wainscot, and (6) doors.
  • Heating. The appraisal must evaluate the property's heating system according to four categories: (1) type of heater, (2) fuel used by heating unit, (3) unit's condition, and (4) its adequacy.
  • Cooling. If the property does have some sort of cooling system, the appraisal must indicate the type (central or other), its condition and its adequacy.
  • Kitchen equipment. The appraiser must describe and evaluate the condition and number per unit of refrigerators, range/ovens, automatic trash disposal units, dishwashers, fans/hoods above stove, compactors, washers and dryers, microwave ovens and intercoms.
  • Attic. If the property has an attic, the appraisal must describe (1) the type of stairs, (2) the existence of a drop stair or scuttle, (3) the condition of the floor (whether it is finished or unfinished) and (4) heating.
  • Improvement analysis. The appraiser evaluates applicable improvements as good, average, fair or poor.
  • Car storage. The appraisal must describe applicable car storage features: (1) number of cars it can accommodate; (2) type (garage or carport); (3) attached or detached; and (4) evaluation of adequacy.
  • Comments. The appraiser must evaluate and describe any needed repairs or current features.

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