In addition to credit requirements and enough income to cover your debts, lenders require a particular amount of assets to close a loan. They like to see two to six months of payment reserves some place. This can be a problem, especially if you have a large payment and don't have thousands of dollars in assets.
A stated asset program works the same way as a stated income program, and good credit is required for approval in this program, too. If you have good credit, but you don't have the cash reserves you need, you simply ask for a stated asset loan, and the mortgage broker will state enough assets on your loan application to appease the lender.
This seems fraudulent, you might say. It isn't, as long as you follow the guidelines set forth by the lender. Remember, they created these programs, so they could loan more money. You'll pay, of course, because the lender will hit you with a premium on your rate, because the loan is more of a risk. So, instead of getting a 6% rate, you might get as high as 6.75%, but at least you'll get your loan.
125% LTV - "The Death Loan"
This is the loan only the most money-hungry and unscrupulous loan officers will sell. Few, if any, banks will do them. There are wholesale lenders, though, who will actually loan 125% of the value of your home. In other words, if your home is valued at $100,000 and you want to take as much cash as possible, these lenders will actually loan you $125,000. Obviously, this type of loan is for people who are desperate to get cash, usually to pay off high credit cards or other bills.
So, why do I call it "The Death Loan?" Easy. It kills people financially. An honest mortgage professional will never offer this type of loan, and if you ask about it, they should tell you what you're about to read here. When you borrow more than your home is worth, you set yourself up to fail. Remember, you may pay off some debts with that extra money, but your mortgage payment is going to skyrocket. The interest rates on these loans run between 11% and 14% on average.
Now, the average person who takes this loan will pay off 10 or 20 thousand dollars worth of debt and feel great, for a short time. What invariably happens next is this person has cleared credit cards and slowly, or quickly in some cases, begins to run them up again. You see, very few people have the discipline to keep those balances low (remember, we're talking about a person who took this loan, because he ran them up in the first place). Here is where the financial death trap occurs.
The person has all that original debt, a huge mortgage payment, and now has a house that is worth $25,000 less than his loan amount. He can't sell, he can't refinance his mortgage, and he can't make his monthly bills; he is probably headed for bankruptcy.
Avoid this loan, at all costs. If a mortgage person suggests it, I would say you didn't do enough homework in selecting this person.
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